Dataset for Mixed-Phase Titania foams via 3D-Printing for Pharmaceutical Degradation

Raw data files for X-ray diffraction (XRD), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), Rheometry and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) associated with the paper "Mixed-Phase Titania foams via 3D-Printing for Pharmaceutical Degradation." XRD contains raw data of XRD spectra used to analyse crystallinity and crystal phase of TiO2 samples. HPLC contains the raw data used to produce degradation profiles of carbamazepine when exposed to the photocatalyst. NMR contains the maestranova files used to monitor the reaction and synthesis of photoresist. Rheometry contains the data used to analyse the viscosity of the resins before and after modifications. RAMAN contains the raw data used to analyse the crystal phases of the samples. TGA contains the raw data used to assess minimum required temperature for sintering and conversion to TiO2.

Photocatalysis, Micropollutant, 3D Printing, Titanium Dioxide, Pharmaceuticals
Catalysis and surfaces
Environmental engineering
Materials sciences
Mechanical engineering
Terrestrial and freshwater environments

Cite this dataset as:
Warren, Z., Tasso Guaraldo, T., Barisic, I., Zoumpouli, L., Wenk, J., Mattia, D., 2024. Dataset for Mixed-Phase Titania foams via 3D-Printing for Pharmaceutical Degradation. Bath: University of Bath Research Data Archive. Available from:


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Raw data files for XRD, HPLC, NMR, Rheometry, RAMAN and TGA.


Zachary Warren
University of Bath

Ivan Barisic
University of Bath

Jannis Wenk
University of Bath

Davide Mattia
University of Bath


University of Bath
Rights Holder


Collection date(s):

From 31 January 2023 to 31 July 2023


Data collection method:

XRD — Sampling between 2θ of 20–90 with Cu K alpha X-rays. HPLC — Degradation experiments used 1 mL samples taken every 15 or 30 minutes. Analysis was performed on a Thermo Scientific Ultimate 3000 liquid chromatograph with a UV detector. CBZ analysis used a Thermo Scientific Acclaim 120 C18 column (3.0 × 75.0 mm, particle size 3.0 µm) and a Thermo Scientific Acclaim 120 C18 guard column (R) 120 C18 (3.0 × 10.0 mm, particle size 5.0 µm). The mobile phase was made up using 5.0 mM phosphoric acid and acetonitrile 70:30 (v:v) with a flow rate of 0.8 mL min⁻¹, injection volume of 20 µL and detection wavelength of 285 nm. NMR analysis of the titania photoresist was conducted as the orange product (Ti(IV) acrylate) and acrylic acid precursor were dissolved in deuterated chloroform (CDCl3) for analysis on a 400 MHz Bruker Avance III NMR spectrometer Thermogravimetric analysis was conducted using a Setsys Evolution TGA 16/18 by Setaram, with the acquisition program Calisto. 20 mg of sample was loaded in an open alumina crucible. Prior to the analysis, samples were degassed at 90 °C for 1h and 350 °C for 8h at 10 °C min-1 to remove water from the surface. Analysis was performed under air or argon atmosphere (20 mL min-1) and heated up to 800 °C for 1h at a rate of 10 °C min-1. The rheometry of all resins used in this study was conducted on a Brookfield HADV-III Ultra-Viscometer with a CP52 cone spindle. Raman spectra used in this work were collected using a Renishaw InVia Confocal Raman microscope, excitation laser wavelength 532 nm, 100% laser power at 74 mW on the sample with 2.6 s exposure time, and a diffraction grating of size 1800 I/ mm with slit opening of 65 mm. Detector used was a 1040 × 256 pixel CCD camera.

Technical details and requirements:

NMR data requires use of MaestReNova 15 (Mnova 15.0.0) Download available using


Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)

Fellowship - Photocatalytic Anodic Membranes for Micropollutant Removal

Publication details

Publication date: 3 April 2024
by: University of Bath

Version: 1


URL for this record:

Related papers and books

Warren, Z., Guaraldo, T. T., Barisic, I., Zoumpouli, G. A., Wenk, J., and Mattia, D., 2024. Mixed-phase titania foams via 3D-printing for pharmaceutical degradation. Journal of Materials Chemistry A. Available from:

Contact information

Please contact the Research Data Service in the first instance for all matters concerning this item.

Contact person: Zachary Warren


Faculty of Engineering & Design
Chemical Engineering

Research Centres & Institutes
Water Innovation and Research Centre (WIRC)