Dataset for "Fragmentation and Grievances as Fuel for Violent Extremism: The Case of Abu Musa’ab Al-Zarqawi".

Data contains statements of Zarqawi between 2003-2006. They are coded via NVivo and the results are presented in an Excel sheet for ease of use and the ability to reproduce the graphs used in the article.

Iraq, Middle East, terrorism, violent extremism, Social Identity, threat, fragmentation, grievances, Shia, Sunni
Political science and international studies

Cite this dataset as:
Alkhayer, T., 2021. Dataset for "Fragmentation and Grievances as Fuel for Violent Extremism: The Case of Abu Musa’ab Al-Zarqawi". Bath: University of Bath Research Data Archive. Available from:


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Zarqawi NVivo … translated titles.xlsx
application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet (15kB)
Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0

Results of the NVivo coding, includes titles of statements and its translations. In addition to useful information such as number of pages of each title, date, and the percentage measures of each node relative to the number of pages.


Talip Alkhayer
University of Bath


University of Bath
Rights Holder


Data collection method:

Data was downloaded from Parallel sampling process was used: nodes were not coded more than one time in a single page. Once a certain node was coded, it wasn’t coded again regardless of its repeated occurrence in the relevant page. This approach assumes that the presence of a node in a page is sufficient to consider that the node plays a considerable role in the page’s rhetoric. However, and most importantly, this approach meant that a percentage of how often a certain node is mentioned (relative to the number of pages) can be easily shown. The coding process itself adopted a rather conservative approach; the coded sentence, word, or phrase, should be directly and unequivocally referable to the nodes they are allocated to.

Technical details and requirements:

Coding was done using NVivo.

Documentation Files

application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document (15kB)
Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0

Codebook explaining the coding process and its rules.


University of Bath


Publication details

Publication date: 7 October 2021
by: University of Bath

Version: 1


URL for this record:

Related papers and books

Alkhayer, T., 2021. Fragmentation and Grievances as Fuel for Violent Extremism: The Case of Abu Musa’ab Al-Zarqawi. Social Sciences, 10(10), 375. Available from:

Contact information

Please contact the Research Data Service in the first instance for all matters concerning this item.


Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences
Politics, Languages and International Studies