Data relating to work concerning the development of a quaternary cementitious system for aerial additive manufacturing

Data relating to work undertaken in the final year of the author's PhD involving the development of a fibrous, pseudoplastic quaternary cement system featuring portland cement, calcium aluminate cement, calcium sulphate and fly ash. The dataset includes data from mechanical tests, rheology tests, calorimeter tests, extrusion tests, deformation tests, force required tests and mix formulations.

Civil engineering and built environment

Cite this dataset as:
Dams, B., 2023. Data relating to work concerning the development of a quaternary cementitious system for aerial additive manufacturing. Bath: University of Bath Research Data Archive. Available from:


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application/zip (5MB)
Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0

PDFs resulting from the editable PowerPoint figures

Barrie Dams … systems
application/zip (182MB)
Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0

Data collection (MS Excel) and editable figures (MS PowerPoint)


Barrie Dams
University of Bath


Richard Ball
University of Bath

Paul Shepherd
University of Bath

University of Bath
Rights Holder


Collection date(s):

From 1 September 2018 to 26 July 2019


Data collection method:

Extrusion and deposition data were collected by observation and manual recording. Mechanical tests were carried out on an Instron Universal 2630-120/305632. Settlement tests compressed material at a rate of 2 mm/minute. Four-point bending flexural tests were in accordance with British Standard BS EN 12390-5:2009 (BSI,2009). Compressive tests were subsequently conducted in line with British Standard BS EN 1015-11:1999 (BSI, 1999). Rheometer tests: A TA DHR-2 rheometer was used to conduct the tests with a 25 mm diameter flat upper geometry plate and flat 40 mm diameter lower plate. Flow tests were shear stress-controlled using linear stress ramps ranging from 300 - 6000 Pa and 900 - 50000 Pa. Oscillation tests were conducted over a period of 2000 seconds, covering the open time of the OPC/PFA/CAC/CS mixes and were controlled using an angular displacement of 5x10−5 radians with frequency maintained at 1 Hz. Calorimetry tests: mixes were placed in a Calormetrix I-Cal 4000 isothermal calorimeter immediately following mixing and vibration. Each mix was tested three times, with the chamber temperature maintained at 7°C, 14.5°C and 22°C respectively. Tests were carried out over a period of forty eight hours.

Technical details and requirements:

Data was created in the software of the laboratory instruments but all were imported into Microsoft Excel; the Excel files contain all relevant data for the work.

Additional information:

Microsoft Excel was used for data organisation and analysis and Microsoft PowerPoint for figures exported to PDF for use in LaTeX.


Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)

Aerial additive building manufacturing

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)

Centre for the decarbonisation of the built environment

Research scholarship

Publication details

Publication date: 27 November 2023
by: University of Bath

Version: 1


URL for this record:

Related papers and books

Dams, B., Shepherd, P., and Ball, R. J., 2023. Development and Performance Evaluation of Fibrous Pseudoplastic Quaternary Cement Systems for Aerial Additive Manufacturing. Designs, 7(6), 137. Available from:

Contact information

Please contact the Research Data Service in the first instance for all matters concerning this item.

Contact person: Barrie Dams


Faculty of Engineering & Design
Architecture & Civil Engineering

Research Centres & Institutes
Centre for Doctoral Training in Decarbonisation of the Built Environment (dCarb)